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Important Information about your teeth! : Tooth Decay and Cavities

March 25th, 2019 by


information-about-your-teeth

Everybody loves sugar in every form, candies, ice creams, sodas and cola, sweets, mithai, milkshakes and every other savory you may think of. But lately, there has been a great movement towards good health and most of it is in the domain of health foods. One of the most important parts of this movement is the fact that we need to kick the craving for sugar.

Sugar is bad for your health. It’s a well-known fact that sugar causes tooth decay. It is important to highlight this because tooth decay unlike most other diseases, is completely preventable. We can kick tooth decay away if we can kick sugar away!

To help you do this, we have collated a few tips and tricks to avoid consumption of sugar and hence try to avoid tooth decay and cavities.

What you must know about dental cavities and tooth decay…

The primary reason for Dental decay is our food habits (i.e. things we eat and drink). Sweet savories like chocolate, sweets, mithai, candies, sodas, colas and aerated drinks, ice creams, sugared fruit drinks and juices and other foods containing excess sugar generate acids which form plaque. Plaque is a sticky compound that gradually erodes the enamel (the protective coating on the tooth) and then destroys the dentine (the primary tooth structure).

Plaque, when allowed to accumulate on the surfaces of the teeth, causes the acid in the plaque to destroy the enamel and dentin to cause decay. This can cause pits and depressions known as cavities, as well as gum disease, and in severe cases abscesses and tooth loss.

All processed foods contain added sugars or hidden sugar. This is a serious threat to our teeth. The probability of dental decay is directly proportional to the sugar that you consume.

There are no early symptoms or signs of dental decay. The only way to identify decay early is through a professional oral examination or checkups by a dentist. The surfaces of the teeth that is the most often and are exposed maximum to the sugary food are the biting surfaces and hence they are the most vulnerable to dental decay and cavities.


eating-sweet

Having a lot of sugar-containing foods and drinks frequently can increase the probability of dental decay and cavities because your teeth come under a persistent and continuous attack and do not have the time to recover from the acid attack of the plaque.

Nearly three in four (79%) of adults in India have had a tooth removed. This would mean millions of people with one or more missing teeth which affect their dietary habits and hence their health.

Most people visit the dentist or a dental clinic only when they experience unbearable pain. The statistic is as bad as three to four dental visits in a lifetime for most people. Due to the lack of awareness and lack of regular dental checkups, the dental decay is never diagnosed in early stages and the disease progresses very rapidly.

According to some survey statistics, a child in India loses a rotten tooth every ten minutes. It’s a serious matter since the loss of tooth causes malnutrition and hence spoils the overall health of the child.

Five tips for preventing tooth decay


brushing-teeth

One of the best ways to prevent tooth decay is by brushing your teeth thoroughly before bedtime and at least one other time during the day, with a fluoride toothpaste.

The easiest, best and the most effective habit to prevent tooth decay is regular brushing of your teeth using a good (not worn out) toothbrush with a fluoride releasing toothpaste. You must brush your teeth at least twice a day and it is also recommended to clean and gargle after every meal to ensure no food gets deposited and stays on your teeth to aid plaque formation. It is very important to gargle or clean or your teeth after eating any sugary food.

Ensure that your brush reaches the inner, outer and biting surfaces of your teeth and mouth. Using ‘interdental’ brushes, dental floss, tape and other dental aids that help to remove plaque and food from spaces in between your teeth and also space where the gums meet your teeth. These are areas where an ordinary toothbrush is difficult to reach.

Visit the dentist at a professional dental clinic every 6 months. This is important because only a professional can identify early stages of dental decay and cavities at which decay can be arrested or stopped. This way dental treatment is easier, quicker and one avoid painful and expensive dental procedures in the future.

Replace sugar-containing foods and drinks with nutritious and healthy alternatives that are low in sugar content. Frequent snacking should be avoided since you may not clean your teeth after every short snack and hence allow the plaque to build-up on the teeth thereby aiding dental decay.

One habit that Dr. Ankita Dedhia BDS, Dental Director at Sabka Dentist, recommends to ensure that you read the ingredients all the products you choose and identify the ones which have “-ose” in the name since they are generally forms of sugar e.g. sucrose, maltose, fructose, glucose, lactose, and dextrose. Try to choose a product where these ingredients are minimal.

Comments from an Expert.

Sabka Dentist Dental Clinic conducts more than 15,000 dental checkups every month and provides more than 5000 dental cavity fillings, 2000 root canals, and more than 2000 crowns or caps. These are numbers which are primarily due to high decay of teeth and can be avoided by healthy oral care habits.

Dr. Reena Waghela BDS, Dental Director at Sabka Dentist, said: “Dental Decay is the result of a changing food habit which is high in sugar content and is a serious concern”

Dr. Reena also says “I strongly recommend that people develop and maintain a good oral hygiene routine, which would mean brushing your teeth twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste. This is very important, and we also urge every parent to supervise your child’s brushing, to ensure they learn a good habit for life.”

“With regard to children’s oral health in India, tooth decay is the number one reason for dental problems in children regularly consuming too much sugar is a major cause of this. We think this is very serious and urgently need to look at reducing childhood sugar intake. Much of this sugar is taken in the form of snacks like chocolate, sugary drinks, mithai, and other savories.”

“Try and limit your children’s snacking to no more than two a day and replace unhealthy sugary snacks with healthier foods such as fruit and vegetables.

“The fact that the costs of dealing with this problem have risen by a third in the last decade is completely unsustainable and by implementing effective education early enough the government can drastically reduce this cost and also prevent the pain and suffering of tens of thousands of children every year.”

Oral Cancer

March 22nd, 2019 by
oral cancer

Prevention is better than Cure. Oral Habits that help you fight!
Studies have shown that bad oral hygiene habits can lead to major health problems, including mouth cancer.
Oral cancer is a type of mouth cancer that is caused due to the growth of cancerous tissues in the oral cavity. It can occur in any parts that make up the mouth, or oral cavity- such as on the surface of the tongue, in the lips or gums or tongue, inside the cheek, in salivary glands, or in the roof and floor of the mouth.

Studies have shown that bad oral hygiene habits can lead to major health problems, including mouth cancer. This means poor oral hygiene is not just restricted to bad breath and cavities. Like other cancers, the exact cause of mouth cancer is not known, yet, cancers form when a genetic mutation triggers cells on the lips or in the mouth to grow without control. Tobacco use and heavy alcohol use are the main risk factors for oral cancer.

Other factors that may contribute to the development of mouth cancer are exposure to certain chemicals, excessive sun exposure to your lips, a weakened immune system, human papillomavirus (HPV), a family history of oral cancer, etc.

What are the indicators or symptoms or signs for oral cancer?

Signs and symptoms of mouth cancer may include the following:

  • Pain when swallowing
  • Swelling in the mouth that lasts for more than three weeks
  • Mouth ulcers or sores that do not heal
  • Loose teeth with no apparent reason
  • Unusual changes in sense of taste
  • A patch which is white or reddish in color anywhere in the mouth
  • A growth or lump inside your mouth
  • Unexplained weight loss

You must visit a doctor immediately if you observe any of the above signs or symptoms. Early diagnosis of oral cancer helps in its effectiveness of the treatment, improving your chance of survival. Treatment for oral cancer depends on the location and stage of cancer, patient’s general health, etc. The main treatments are surgery and radiation therapy. In some cases, chemotherapy may be required.

Can oral cancer be prevented?

While there’s no proven way to prevent oral cancer, the golden key to the prevention of oral cancer is to not use tobacco. You can certainly reduce your risk by making changes in your lifestyle, such as –

Dr. Reena Waghela, B.D.S Dental Director for Clinical Operations at Sabka Dentist strongly suggests that eating a healthy diet and avoiding or limiting the intake of junk foods, saturated fats, and processed meats. Dr. Reena also recommends the following to reduce the probability of

Oral cancer or other health problems:

  • Stop using tobacco or quit immediately.
  • Avoid excessive sun exposure to your lips.
  • Drink alcohol in moderation, if you do drink.
  • Make a point to visit your dentist regularly.

Studies have found that the chance of developing cancer of all types is lower among people who eat a healthy diet consisting of plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, healthy fats, whole grains, small amounts of lean animal or plant-based protein, and stay active by making regular exercise as part of their daily routine.

Finally, the best way to fight cancer is to avoid it and in the worst case detecting it as early as possible. Preventive dental checkup ensures that you get a professional check on possibilities of oral health problems like submucosal fibrosis or even oral cancer.

Your Oral Health guide to Holi

March 16th, 2019 by

oral health and holi

A few things to remember:
Holi is one of the festivals that children in India look forward to the most. A festival of colors, madness, coolness and most importantly friendship. Mythologically, Holi is a celebration of the immolation of Holika to protect Prahalad from King Hiranyakashyap. It’s an example of the victory of good over evil. But in actual sense, Holi is a festival that celebrates friendship and relationships. It’s about colors and food. While colors and water rule the day on Holi, you can’t forget all the sweet and crisps that they are likely to eat when playing Holi with friends and family.

How you manage the sudden influx of sugary products to your diet is very important – even if it is “only one day a year.”

Sabka Dentist is offering the following advice to make sure that Holi is a happy holiday for the nation’s children and not just a day where their teeth have to suffer.

Limit sweets and aerated beverages. Each time we eat anything sugary, our teeth are under attack for around an hour. So, imagine giving children a sweet and sugary treat every few hours during the day. Their teeth would be constantly under attack!
Did you know: around a third of children between the ages of 5 and 12 have visible signs of tooth decay. The main cause of which is frequent sugar consumption. That doesn’t mean that it’s okay to let them have all their sweets at the same time for obvious reasons but the best thing to do is limit them to meal times, just to reduce the number of times their teeth come into contact with sugar.

Find sugar-free sweet alternatives:
If you can be the house that keeps the children in the neighborhood happy and do their parents a favor by opting not to give them sugary products, that’s a win-win for everybody.
Did you know: nobody is actually born with a “sweet tooth.” Children only develop a craving for it if eaten at an early age. Keep an eye out for sugar-free sweets because they will do considerably less damage to their teeth than products packed with sugar. Have a look at the labels. It’s difficult finding alternatives to sweets completely because some children are only satisfied with sweets. Sugar-free alternatives should ensure children stay smiling and you probably won’t get an egging!

Don’t make sweets a habit regardless which sweets and chocolates your little ones get given, there are much more healthy and nutritious things that children should be eating on a regular basis.
Did you know: It’s much easier to maintain a good oral hygiene routine during teenage years and beyond if children practice good habits from an early age. Good oral hygiene absolutely does include diet! A diet that is rich in vitamins, minerals, fresh fruit, and vegetables gives your children the best chance of preventing gum disease later on in life. No sweets an hour before bedtime As mentioned earlier on, whenever you eat or drink anything containing sugar in, weakens the top surface of the teeth, otherwise called enamel.

Brushing directly after eating can cause even more damage because you’re brushing away the weakened surface.
Did you know: Saliva is the body’s natural defense against acid attack. It takes about an hour for saliva to replace the minerals that the enamel loses. Brushing straight after eating sweets might seem to make sense but try to avoid this. Make sure that you brush your teeth twice a day and use fluoride toothpaste. And most importantly visit the dentist at least twice a year to ensure that dental problems are avoided by preventive maintenance.

For more information on children’s teeth and how best to look after them then please click here

Look forward to a Happy Holi!

Mouth Ulcer

March 14th, 2019 by
mouth ulcer

What are mouth ulcers?

Ulcers are painful sores that appear inside the mouth. They are usually red or yellow. They are utterly different from cold sores, that seem on the outer lips and are because of a virus.

What are the common causes of mouth ulcers?

Usually, a single mouth ulcer is mainly due to damage caused by accidentally biting the cheek or tongue, sharp teeth, tooth brushing or poorly fitting dentures. These ulcers are called ‘ traumatic ulcers.’
If you have a more than one mouth ulcer that’s because of ‘ recurrent aphthous stomatitis. ‘

How do l know if I have a traumatic ulcer?

Traumatic ulcers are generally on their own, are next to the cause of the damage and go away once the source of the problem is solved.

What are the sings of recurrent aphthous stomatitis?

Recurrent aphthous stomatitis is a common problem and leads to repeated bouts of mouth ulcers in otherwise healthy children and young people. The cause is unknown, but it is not infectious and is not likely to be inherited.

Are there different types of recurrent mouth ulcers?

Yes.
Minor ulcers are the most common. They can appear inside the cheeks, on the lips, tongue, and gums and, more rarely, on the roof the mouth. Most of these ulcers are in the size of the top of a pencil and sometimes comes in clusters. You can get four to six at any one time.
Large ulcers are more severe and can last for five to ten weeks. They can appear near the tonsils, and that can be very painful, mostly when swallowing. You usually only get one at a time.
There is also a possibility of 100 tiny painful ulcers appearance which lasts for one to two weeks.
However, these last two varieties are very rare.

You can also get ulcers in other body parts like your eyes or genital area. It is important to tell your dentist about this ulcers are sores that appear inside the mouth.

What are the less common causes of mouth ulcers?

Infections can cause mouth ulcers. Herpes simplex often leads to widespread mouth ulcers in children and some adults. Other less common viral and bacterial infections can also cause mouth ulcers, but this happens very rarely. Mouth ulcers can be caused by occasionally and occasionally by other blood disorders and some skin or gastrointestinal diseases. In some cases, the mouth ulcers are the only sign of an underlying illness.

Can cancer cause mouth ulcers?

Cancer of the mouth can first appear as a mouth ulcer. The ulcers caused by mouth cancer are usually single and last a long time without any apparent local cause ( for example a sharp tooth)
Any sore that lasts longer than three weeks should be looked at by your dentist?
Ulcers caused by cancer frequently appear on or under the tongue, but can occasionally look somewhere else in the mouth.
Cancer of the mouth is usually associated with heavy smoking and drinking. Doing both together greatly increases the risk.

Can I catch mouth ulcers?

Mouth ulcers do not spread by kissing or sharing drinks or utensils as infection does not cause mouth ulcers.

What types of treatment are there for mouth ulcers?

The treatment depends on the cause of the ulcers. Sometimes all that is needed is for a sharp tooth to be smoothed down or a denture adjusted, although some patients may require a variety of mouthwashes or tablets.

What should I do if l think I have mouth ulcers?

If an ulcer lasts more than a few days, you should always ask your dentist or doctor for advice. They may be able to tell you the cause and provide treatment, or they may arrange further tests or refer you to the specialist if necessary.

How can l prevent mouth ulcers?

You can reduce the risk of mouth ulcers by:

  1. Maintaining good oral hygiene
  2. Using high-quality toothbrushes ( to reduce the risk of damage to your mouth)
  3. Eating a proper diet which is rich in vitamins A, C, and E and which includes foods such as fresh fruit and vegetables ( to lessen the risk of mouth cancer)
  4. Regularly visiting your dentist.
Should I worry about my ulcers?

Most ulcers heal up on their own. However, you should visit your dentist if they don’t heal within three weeks. Your dentist will be able to examine your mouth to check that the problem is an ulcer and not something more serious such as mouth cancer.
If you suffer from ulcers that come and go often, you ought to visit your dentist to see that there is not an underlying medical cause.

Caring for my teeth

March 13th, 2019 by
why are my teet so important

Why are my teeth so important?

Our teeth vary in shape and size and its position in the mouth. These differences help the teeth to perform different jobs. The main function of teeth is 0chewing and aid digesting the food. They also help us to talk, and to pronounce different speeches clearly. Finally, teeth form a good shape for our face.
A healthy smile influences everyday communication and hence so important to maintain your our oral health.

What can go wrong with my teeth?

Tooth decay can be painful and also can damage tooth appearance. It may lead to fillings, crowns or inlays to restore a damaged part. If tooth decay is not treated, the nerve of the tooth can become infected and causing as an abscess. This may then need root canal treatment or else even extraction.
It is important that you keep a good practice of keeping your teeth and gums healthy at home. Gum disease is the most common cause of teeth loss in adults. However, it can be preventable and can be treated with regular cleaning sessions. If teeth are lost, it will be necessary to fill the gaps with an artificial arrangement such as bridges, dentures or implants.

How do l keep my teeth and gums healthy?

Instead of facing severe cavity and pain, It is easy to keep your mouth clean and healthy. A simple routine of brushing with a fluoride toothpaste and flossing is the first step. Good eating habits, avoiding sugary food and drinks less can be helpful. And the most important is a regular dental check-up, that can help prevent most dental problems.
Although most people brush twice a day they do not clean the edges of their teeth carefully. and some people don’t consider to get a regular preventive dental check-up. Small changes in our daily routine can make a big difference in the long run.
If you go to the dentist regularly your dentist can remove any plaque or tartar on your teeth. And treat for other oral diseases that have already appeared. But daily dental hygiene is solely up to you, and the main weapons are the toothbrush and floss

What is the plaque?

Plaque Is a thin, sticky substance which is created by bacteria that constantly forms on your teeth.

How can plaque cause decay?

When you consume food containing sugars and starches, the bacteria in plaque get nourishment and they can attack tooth enamel. After constant acid attacks, the enamel starts to breaks down forming a hole or cavity.

How can plaque cause gum disease?

If plaque is not removed by brushing it can harden over time and turns into calculus (‘ tartar’). Calculus usually forms near the gum line and the plaque underneath preleases poisons which cause the gums to become irritated and inflamed. The gums start to pull away from the teeth and the gaps become affected. If gum disease is not treated in the right time, the bone supporting the teeth will be damaged and healthy teeth can also start to get infected. Gum disease is the main reason tooth loss in adults and can eventually lead to a need for artificial fixtures as dentures, bridges or implants.

How can I prevent gum disease?

It is important to remove plaque and food debris between your teeth. It this will stop your gums to suck more infection and becoming sore. If you leave plaque not treated on your teeth it can harden and can turn to tartar. This can only be removed by the dentist. It is important to have regular dental consultation so that your teeth can have a thorough cleaning when required.

How do l know if have gum disease?

Gum disease ( gingivitis) will usually show itself as swollen red gums that bleed when brush or floss. Many people get the first sign when their gums bleed while brushing. It is important that you clean regularly and firmly in order to fight the condition.

brushing

Why is brushing important?

Plaque is the sticky substance which starts to form when you skip brushing. If the plaque isn’t removed, It continues to build up, nourished by the food debris and causing cavity and gum disease.

Which type of toothbrush should I use?

Your dentist will be able to recommend a toothbrush which suits you. However, adults should choose a small to medium size brush with a soft bristle. round-ended nylon bristles or ‘filaments’ are also good. The head of the brush should be small so it can reach into all parts of the mouth. Especially the back of the mouth where it can be difficult to reach (near wisdom teeth). Children need to use smaller brushes but with the same type of features.
You can now buy more specialized toothbrushes according to your condition. For instance, people having sensitive teeth can now use softer bristled brushes. There are also smaller headed toothbrushes designed for crooked or irregular teeth.

Some people find it difficult to hold a toothbrush due to physical disability. There are now toothbrushes available which have large handles and angled heads to make them easier to use.

ElectronicToothbrush

How do electric toothbrushes work?

An electric brush performs rotating and vibrating in the mouth. , which provides a large amount of cleaning action with little action needed from the user, although you need to position the brush correctly in the areas you need cleaning.

Do electric toothbrushes clean better?

Tests have proved that electric toothbrushes are more effective at removing plaque, particularly those have an oscillating rotary action. They are particularly useful for people who can do limited movements, such as disabled or elderly people.
Electric or battery-operated toothbrushes can be a better choice for children as they may be inclined to brush regularly because of the novelty of using as an electric toothbrush. Discuss the idea with your dentist about the benefit of using an electric toothbrush.

How should I brush?

Brushing cleans the plaque and food particles from the tooth surfaces. Here is one method of removing plaque.

  1. Hold your toothbrush against your teeth, then tilt the tips to 45-degree angle against the gum line.Start to move the brush in small circular movements, repeat this a few times, on all the surface of every tooth.
  2. Brush the outer surfaces of each tooth carefully, both upper and lower jawline, hold bristles angled against the gum line.
  3. Use the same method on the inside surfaces of each teeth.
  4. Brush the biting surfaces of the teeth and ensure any food particles are not stuck between.
  5. To brush the surfaces of the front teeth, tilt the toothbrush vertically and make a few small circular strokes with the front part of the brush.
  6. Cleaning your tongue will help enhance your breath and will clean your mouth by eliminating bacteria.

How do I know if all the plaque is removed?

There is a special solution available to check the existence of the Plaque. Using this solution can stain the plaque area and gives the idea about alerting about the plaque. This stain is harmless and will show any areas of your mouth which need better brushing. Look particularly where your teeth and gums connect. The stain from the can be removed.

How often should I brush my teeth?

Ensure brush thoroughly with fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day. Visit the dentist consultation as he/she recommends. If you regularly feeling discomfort or bleeding after brushing consult your dentist soon.

How often should change my toothbrush?

Damaged bristles cannot clean your teeth properly and have the chance to damage your gums. Changing toothbrush on time will greatly help to clean and it good to change in every 2-3 months.

Should I use fluoride toothpaste?

Yes. Fluoride helps to strengthen and protect your teeth, Which can reduce tooth decay in both adults and children.

What sort of toothpaste should I use?

Along with the family toothpaste, some specialist toothpaste also available to help the particular issue. These include tartar control for people who are likely to build tartar. People with sensitive teeth also can use sensitive helping toothpaste. Total care toothpaste help fighting multiple issues such as gum disease, freshen breath and help reduce plaque build-up. Whitening toothpaste is good at removing staining but are not strong enough to change deeply discolored teeth.
Children should use a toothpaste with a fluoride level of at least 1000ppm ( parts per million). Special children’s toothpaste usually contains about half the fluoride that adult toothpaste has. They are able to give limited protection for the teeth. To have a clean mouth you need to use the correct dental care products. Ask your dentist or suggest the option and give their recommendations.

How should I clean between my teeth?

dental floss is one way to clean between your teeth. Dental taps are thicker than floss and most people find it easier to use. Flossing helps to clean plaque and food particles from between the teeth and under the gum line. It can go to the areas where a toothbrush can’t reach. You should clean food particles between your teeth at least once a day with floss. Your dentist tell you proper flossing techniques.
The following suggestions helps:

  1. Break off about 18 inches of floss, and hold it around one of your middle fingers. hold the remaining floss around the same finger of the other hand. You can take up the used section with this finger.
  2. Hold the floss in between your thumb and forefingers, with about an inch floss between them, leaving no slack. Use a gentle movements to guide the floss between your teeth. Do not jerk the floss or don’t be aggressive to the gums.
  3. When the floss reaches till gum line, curve it as a c-shape against one tooth for a time.
  4. Hold the floss against the tooth start to scrap gently side of the tooth. Move the floss away from the gumline. Repeat the same on the other side of the gap.
  5. Don’t forget to clean the back of your (last tooth)

flossing

When flossing, follow a regular pattern. Start to work on the top an clean it from left to right, then start to move to the bottom and again work from the left to right. This way you will not miss any teeth. At first, looking into the mirror helps. Never neglect to clean in the edges of any crowns, bridges or implants. The specialist flosses are more easy to do than the traditional flosses.

Gum Disease

March 11th, 2019 by
gum disease- gingivitis

What is gum disease?

Gum disease means pain and infection of the tissues supporting the teeth. There are mainly two forms of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontal disease.

What is gingivitis?

In Gingivitis inflammation appears in gums. This is when the gums around the teeth turn red and swollen. This swollen gum often bleeds when you are brushing.

What is the periodontal disease?

When gingivitis stays a long time in the mouth they can turn into periodontal disease. There are various types of periodontal disease that affect the gums and tissues supporting the teeth. As the disease continues the bone anchoring the teeth in the jaw can be lost. This makes the tooth to loosen. If it is left untreated teeth may eventually fall out. In fact, more people lose their teeth through periodontal disease than through tooth decay.

How can I access my risk to Gum disease?

Many people suffer from some form of gum disease, and it is the major cause of tooth loss in adults. However, gum disease spreads slowly, If it is treated in time then your teeth and gums can be saved.

What is the cause of gum disease?

All gum disease is caused by plaque. Plaque is produced by bacteria which forms on the outer layer of the teeth and gums every day. Many of the bacteria in plaque do not harm. But some of that has been found to be the main cause of gum disease. To prevent t gum disease, you need to remove all the plaque every day by brushing and flossing.

How will smoking affect my gums and teeth?

Smoking can worsen gum disease. People who smoke more likely to produce more bacterial plaque. The gums will be affected because smoking causes a lack of oxygen in the bloodstream. So the infected gums unable to heal. Smoking allows to form more dental plaque and for gum disease to progress more fastly than in non- smokers. However, it still remains the most common reason for tooth loss in adults.

What happens if gum disease is not treated?

Unfortunately, gum disease develops without showing a sign of pain so that you do not notice the damage. However, bacteria are sometimes more active and cause soreness. Further, it can lead to gum abscesses, and pus may ooze from gum tissues and surrounding bones. As the disease continues over the years supporting bone will be damaged and teeth can be lost. If the disease is not treated for a long time, treatment can become more difficult.

How do I know if l have gum disease?

The first sign of gum disease is blood while you are brushing or rinsing. You may find blood also when you are eating, leaving a bad taste in your mouth. You may notice an unpleasant. breath also.

What do I do if think I have gum disease?

The first thing to do is to visit your dentist for a dental check-up. The dentist can measure the ‘cuff ‘ of gum around each tooth and can see if there is any sign that periodontal disease developing. X rays may also be incorporated to see the amount of bone has damaged. This assessment is very important, so the correct treatment can be prescribed then after.

What treatments are needed?

Your dentist will usually clean your teeth. They also remove plaque cleaning all surface of your teeth thoroughly and effectively. This may take a few sessions with your dentist

What else may be needed?

Once your teeth are clean, your dentist may start further cleaning of the roots of the teeth, to ensure that the last pockets of bacteria are removed. This is also known as root planning. You may need the treatment area to be numbed before the procedure. Afterward, you may feel some discomfort for up to 48 hours.

Once I treated periodontal disease, can I get it again?

The periodontal diseases never cured. But as long as you maintain oral care further loss of bone will be very slow and it may stop altogether. However, you must remove plaque every day, and go for regular check up by the dentist and hygienist.

Tobacco Counseling

March 9th, 2019 by

Tobacco usage causes many health complications. Most of the people are aware of diseases such as lung cancer or breathing related issues. Along with this, it may create an adverse effect on your oral health.

How does smoking affect my oral health?

  1. Teeth wear down faster: Any type of tobacco such as cigars, chewing tobacco, snuff and unprocessed tobacco contain very small particles which are abrasive to teeth. When this tobacco particles mixed with saliva and chewed, it forms an abrasive paste, over time it will wear your teeth off.
  2. Fewer dental treatment options: Smoking causes reduced blood flow in your mouth and it will increase bacteria and inflammation. This condition makes it difficult to replace lost teeth. For example, replacement options such as implants and bridges may not be a good repair option. Because your surrounding teeth and jawbone need to be of the strength to support the artificial tooth but due to the infection, they may be weakened.
  3. Gum disease is harder to treat: Smoking harms your immune system by decreasing its ability to do its function. So, if you are a smoker being treated for gum disease, it might be more difficult to fight the problems associated with gum disease. Smoking also curbs the growth of blood vessels, it slows down the healing of gum tissue after oral surgery.
  4. More likely to get sick: Tobacco decreases the body’s ability to fight infection, including your mouth and gums. A simple infection can also get worse, like sepsis. Smokers have more chances to develop gum disease than non-smokers.

Effects on Teeth and Oral Cavity:

Tobacco consumption often causes stained teeth, bad breath and a decreased sense of taste. Over time, smoking curbs your immune system and may produce other concerning side-effects that include a reduced ability to recover after surgery. Smoking causes inflammation around the tooth because this periodontal disease is one of the most significant risk factors. Infection can affect the tooth bone and other supporting structures, and if the infection stays a long time in your mouth it can result in tooth loss.

Tooth cavity: Plaque formation is an inevitable side effect of tobacco consuming that is the first stage of the cavity. If the plaque continues to stay on your teeth it attracts bacteria. This process penetrates in the inner layer of the tooth over time and ultimately causes cavity. In addition to this, gum recession can cause uneven margins on crowns and other restorations.

Smoking Counseling and Your Dentist

Dentists play an important role in tobacco cessation and can increase your rate of successfully quitting. They will analyze your oral health and treat you for the present problem. He/she can make a plan for you to quit tobacco.

Benefits of tobacco counseling and cessation

Tobacco smoke contains a toxic mix of more than 7,000 chemicals; hundreds are harmful, and about 70 can cause cancer. It increases the risk of serious health problems, diseases, and death.

People who stop smoking greatly decrease their risk of disease and early death. The health benefits are greater for people who stop at earlier ages, however, you are never too old to quit.

Steps to Take

Experts say three keys for successful tobacco cessation. All health care providers, especially your dentist, can provide support and resources. These five steps are:

  1. Get ready by setting a date to quit: All you need to do is your mental preparation to quit. For this, set one date from where you want to begin your healthy journey.
  2. Seek support from your friends and family: Along with dentists your family and friends will help you to come out from tobacco usage.
  3. Practice behavioral distractions: When the urge to smoke comes up you have to learn how to stop this distraction. It will help to quit permanently.
How can my dentist help me?

A visit to the dentist is an important first step. The dentist will have an important plan that starts the process. Everyone wants white pearly teeth and a healthy mouth. With the help from your dentist, you can achieve all of these. It’s never too late to quit being healthy.

How would dentists treat me?

If you are consuming tobacco and if you find any of the related symptoms you can consult the dentist. You need to disclose your full medical history. Along with this, your dentist may ask you the form and the amount of the tobacco you are using. After a proper mouth examination, he/she will tell you how the condition will be cured. He will recommend a treatment for you. After this a suitable treatment will be discussed with you and you can start the advised treatment. Along with this, your dentist will assist you in tobacco cessation.

Fluoride and Dental Health

March 5th, 2019 by
fluoride in dental products

What is fluoride?

Fluoride is a natural mineral that is found in many foods and in all drinking water. The amount of fluoride in water varies from place to place.

What are the benefits of fluoride?

Fluoride can help dental health by strengthening the tooth enamel, making it more resistant to tooth decay. It helps to reduce the amount of acid that the bacteria on your teeth produce.

Children who have fluoride when their teeth are developing tend to have shallower grooves and healthy teeth, so fewer chances of the plaque formation. Plaque is a thin sticky layer produced by bacteria that constantly forms on your teeth.

The addition of fluoride to water has been researched for over 50 years and water fluoridation has been proven to reduce decay by 40-60%.

Where can I find fluoride?

Fluoride is found naturally in water, and some foods and drinks also contain fluoride. It also added to some drinking water. 0.7 to 1.2 parts of fluoride for every million parts of water (0.7ppm to 1.2ppm) has shown the best effect.

All water contains some amount of fluoride. Your local water supplier can help you to know how much fluoride is in your drinking water.

Is there enough fluoride in my water supply?

Possibly, however, only a few places have enough natural fluoride to benefit dental health.

Fluoride is also naturally present in some foods and drinks, for example, fish and tea. Some countries add fluoride to their table salt and milk instead of the
water supplies. A cup of tea contains the fluoride between 0.3 milligrams and 0.5 milligrams of fluoride, and if you drink with milk your teeth will also benefit from the calcium. Drinking tea without sugar can help to reduce the risk of tooth decay.

natural sources of flouride

What about fluoride toothpaste?

Most toothpaste available in the market contains fluoride. Most people get their fluoride this way. Fluoride toothpaste is very effective in preventing cavities. The amount of fluoride in toothpaste is usually sufficient to reduce the level of the risk of decay.

In areas where the water supply is fluoridated, fluoride toothpaste adds extra protection.

1000ppm (parts per million) is usually suggested to the children up to three years. Above three years to adults should use a toothpaste that contains 1350ppm to 1500ppm. Parents should supervise their children while they brush. They should use a small amount (a pea-sized) of fluoride toothpaste until they are about 7 years old.

Should people have extra fluoride?

People living in poorer areas where the water supplies are not fluoridated can have 5 times more decay than people living in better—off or fluoridated areas. Research studies have shown that adding fluoride to the water is the best way of reducing these ‘dental inequalities’. Your dentist can apply fluorides to your teeth. These come in the form of gels and are more concentrated than ones you can apply yourself, so you do not need them too often. Some adults can benefit from these applications. Fluoride gels can help to reduce root decay — especially for people suffering from ‘dry mouth’. Some people are more likely to have tooth decay, and the dentist may also recommend using fluoride supplements as well as fluoride toothpaste for extra protection. It is very important that you only take fluoride supplements on the advice of a dentist, and that you use them in the way they say. Supplements are suitable for children from about three years onwards and can help reduce decay.

What are the side effects

Having too much fluoride can cause Dental fluorosis. This can happen when fluoride supplements are taken by children under seven-year-old who live in areas where the water supply is also fluoridated. It can also happen when children swallow toothpaste while brushing.

What is fluorosis?

In its mildest form, dental fluorosis shows signs as white lines or flecking on the teeth surface. This mild fluorosis can often only be spotted by your dentist. Severe fluorosis may lead to the teeth surface being discolored and pitted.

Is fluoride safe?

After many years of research, the scientific conclusion is that fluoride toothpaste and other forms such as fluoridated water, salt, and milk are of a great benefit to dental health if they added the correct amount. They also help to reduce decay and cause no harmful side effects on general health. Opponents of fluoridation claim they have firm evidence that fluoride added to water is harmful. However, scientific analysis has not supported their claims.

Happiness and Dental Health

March 4th, 2019 by
happines and dental health

A good smile always comes first in our list of most desired features. Despite this, so many people don’t show the confidence to show their teeth. In fact, a nationwide poll has recently revealed that more than half of Indians (51%) either dislike or are indifferent to their smile. Having an attractive smile is more than what you see in Bollywood movies or on Social media. A natural smile gives the warm feel and puts your surrounding people at ease. The best smiles are always the healthiest ones for you.

Here is our list of important advice for having great dental health. By doing these, you can feel reassured about your smile and will feel confident to show it.

Brush happy is the simple yet most important part of any oral health routine. Brush your teeth for at least two minutes twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste. It helps to keep your teeth healthy and decay free. Brushing regularly will also help prevent bad breath and can also help your teeth appear whiter by removing stains. There are no excuses for not brushing in the morning and before bedtime. Especially when it can help set you on the route to love.

Interdental brushing

Interdental brushing Manual and electric toothbrushes clean most parts of your mouth. But still, there are some areas where toothbrushes hard to reach – like in between your teeth. By not cleaning the areas in between your teeth, it allows food and debris to get stuck in them and causing bacteria growth. It also encourages plaque to build-up. Plaque build-up can increase the chance of gum disease which in turn can lead to bad breath (halitosis). A guaranteed hindrance for your social life. By using interdental brushes regularly, you can wear your smile with confidence.

Sugar-free chewing gum

Sugar-free chewing gum Chewing sugar-free gum can help you in protecting the teeth and gums in between meals when it may not be possible to clean with a toothbrush. Your teeth are more at risk of acid attack after every meal. The acid is produced by plaque bacteria, and the sugars in our food and beverage and it slowly wear away the enamel and dentine of the tooth and forms ‘cavity’. You can minimize this acid attack by chewing sugar-free gum. It helps your mouth to produce more saliva – the mouth’s natural defense against acid. Saliva helps to remineralize your teeth and reduce acidity levels in your mouth.

Monitor what you eat and drink

Monitor what you eat and drink It is better for your teeth and general health if you eat three meals a day instead of frequently having seven to ten snacks. If you do need to snack between meals, choose foods that do not contain low amounts or no sugar such as nuts or cheese. Also, be aware of what you are drinking. Acidic drinks such as coffee and red wine will stain your teeth if you don’t keep on top of your brushing. Furthermore, sugary beverages will harm your teeth and can encourage dental erosion and cavity. By choosing a glass of milk or water over a glass of coke you’ll avoid your teeth risks, and you can improve your smile greatly.

Regular dental check-up

Brushing and flossing can protect your teeth for sure, but in some cases, some minor problem may start especially in the areas where cannot reach. Your beautiful smile can be under attack at any time. So it’s better to be preventive for this. Dental professionals can see thoroughly which normal person can not see.
Though you do not have any problem don’t neglect to visit the dentist regularly. This can help you in the future.

Dr. Manan Dhulia says happiness and dental health are very much interrelated. Many patients who continuously suffering from dental issues cannot express their smile and laughter in an outward way. However, modern dentistry offers much treatment to fix this, Says Dr. Manan. He further says the natural teeth are precious more than a diamond which aids in all our digestive system. Hence it worth to care for them more regularly.

Children’s Teeth

February 21st, 2019 by

kid brushing

Children’s first (milk) teeth are important for many reasons including the routine activity of chewing and speaking. They also play an important role to maintain space for permanent teeth developing underneath them in the jaws. If the milk teeth are well taken care of, then it is more likely that the permanent teeth will grow into their correct position.

A rare fact that people don’t know is that children’s teeth start forming before birth. Babies in uteri have about 20 teeth developing already. Usually, at 6-7 months or in the earliest case around 4 months the first milk teeth start to erupt, in the lower central incisors, followed closely by the upper central incisors. Although 20 milk teeth usually appear by age 3, the pace and order of their eruption differ.

The first permanent tooth is normally one of the four six-year-molars-so named on the grounds that they show up around age 6. Molars are vital on the grounds that they help shape the lower portion of the kid’s face and also influence the position of the other permanent teeth.

A word of caution: The 6-year permanent molars are often confused as milk teeth & most often it has been neglected.

Permanent second molars usually, appear around age 12. At the time, your child will have a complete set of teeth except for the wisdom teeth or third molars which usually appear between age 17 and 25.

Special attention should be paid to your child’s teeth during the teen years, as it is during these years that most decay occurs.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTION

What is the right time to start caring for my child’s teeth?

Good dental health is established early in life. So, you can begin oral care soon after the baby’s birth. Gums should be cleaned after each feeding. Start brushing your child’s teeth as soon as they appear, using a super soft toothbrush.

When should I take my child to dentist consultation?

Ideally, the first dental consultation should be on the first birthday. Your Dentist will check for the decay and other problems, teach you how to clean your child’s teeth and identify your child’s fluoride needs. Starting dental visits early will help your child to build a lifetime of good dental habits.

Is teething painful?

Yes, when babies first teeth are erupting they often have sore and tender gums. The pain usually can be soothed by gently rubbing the baby’s gums with a clean finger, a small, cool spoon or a wet gauze. Teething does not cause a fever or diarrhea. However, this problem needs to be noticed as a separate medical concern.

Can babies get cavities?

Yes. though milk tooth will eventually fall out, still they have the chances to get cavities and may need to be treated. As soon as teeth appear in the mouth, the cavity can occur. One serious form of the cavity among young children is Baby Bottle Tooth Decay. It’s not good for babies to fall asleep with bottles in their mouths. The sugar in milk formulas can cause tooth decay, leading to cavities, dental discomfort, and even tooth loss. Plain water is usually the best.

When should thumb suck stop?

Sucking is a natural behavior for babies. Many infant babies start sucking their thumbs or using pacifiers within three months of birth. Neither habit generally poses a dental problem if it is discontinued before the child‘s first permanent teeth erupt.

How can the Dentist protect your child’s teeth?

The Dentist can prevent cavities soon after the teeth erupt. The clinical treatment such as fluoride treatment and sealant will help to protect the teeth. Sealants are a safe painless and low-cost way to help protect your child’s teeth from decay. The sealant is bonded to the chewing surfaces of the molars premolars, and thus prevents these teeth from decay. Fluoride application is a single sitting procedure done one every six months to make the tooth structure stronger and prevents cavities.

What are space maintainers?

A milk tooth usually stays in its position until a permanent tooth underneath pushes it. Once this process starts the milk teeth come out and permanent teeth take its place. Some time children lose a milk tooth too soon. In such cases, the teeth beside it may move into the empty space. It would cause a lack of space for the permanent teeth, leading to teeth crowding. This can be prevented by the use of Spaced Maintainers. It is easier and affordable on your child to keep teeth in normal positions with a space maintainer than to move them back in place with orthodontic treatment.

Dental Health Tips

A balanced diet with good nutrition is important for healthy teeth and gums. Children need foods containing calcium that builds strong teeth (milk, cheese, etc.).

Reduce the amount of sugary or starchy snacks. Consumer Snack in moderation and include water to wash the mouth food particles.

Set regular snack-times to avoid constant cavity-causing foods. Take early dental care for your young one. Practice them oral hygiene when an infant’s first tooth emerges.

Encourage your kids to take good oral health and hygiene habits early. Include fluoride toothpaste.

Teaching your child to maintain good dental habits is the beginning of good dental health. Proper personal care and regular dental consultation can keep dental problems to a minimum.

BRUSHING TECHNIQUE

1. Holding the toothbrush at a 45 angle, brush in short up and down motions on the outer surface of the teeth. Do not scrub sideward.

2. To brush the inside of the front teeth, use gentle up and down strokes with the head of the brush.

3. Use back and forth motions for chewing surfaces.

What if my child is very nervous about going to the dentist?

Dr. Jena Shah says it’s important to support the child for his/her needs. A regular visit to the dentist is essential for preventing cavities. Dr. Jena Shah also says a child can be much more anxious if it is their first visit to a dentist. Pain and distress can happen at any time and it is important to prepare your child with regular visits.