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Oral Cancer

March 22nd, 2019 by
oral cancer

Prevention is better than Cure. Oral Habits that help you fight!
Studies have shown that bad oral hygiene habits can lead to major health problems, including mouth cancer.
Oral cancer is a type of mouth cancer that is caused due to the growth of cancerous tissues in the oral cavity. It can occur in any parts that make up the mouth, or oral cavity- such as on the surface of the tongue, in the lips or gums or tongue, inside the cheek, in salivary glands, or in the roof and floor of the mouth.

Studies have shown that bad oral hygiene habits can lead to major health problems, including mouth cancer. This means poor oral hygiene is not just restricted to bad breath and cavities. Like other cancers, the exact cause of mouth cancer is not known, yet, cancers form when a genetic mutation triggers cells on the lips or in the mouth to grow without control. Tobacco use and heavy alcohol use are the main risk factors for oral cancer.

Other factors that may contribute to the development of mouth cancer are exposure to certain chemicals, excessive sun exposure to your lips, a weakened immune system, human papillomavirus (HPV), a family history of oral cancer, etc.

What are the indicators or symptoms or signs for oral cancer?

Signs and symptoms of mouth cancer may include the following:

  • Pain when swallowing
  • Swelling in the mouth that lasts for more than three weeks
  • Mouth ulcers or sores that do not heal
  • Loose teeth with no apparent reason
  • Unusual changes in sense of taste
  • A patch which is white or reddish in color anywhere in the mouth
  • A growth or lump inside your mouth
  • Unexplained weight loss

You must visit a doctor immediately if you observe any of the above signs or symptoms. Early diagnosis of oral cancer helps in its effectiveness of the treatment, improving your chance of survival. Treatment for oral cancer depends on the location and stage of cancer, patient’s general health, etc. The main treatments are surgery and radiation therapy. In some cases, chemotherapy may be required.

Can oral cancer be prevented?

While there’s no proven way to prevent oral cancer, the golden key to the prevention of oral cancer is to not use tobacco. You can certainly reduce your risk by making changes in your lifestyle, such as –

Dr. Reena Waghela, B.D.S Dental Director for Clinical Operations at Sabka Dentist strongly suggests that eating a healthy diet and avoiding or limiting the intake of junk foods, saturated fats, and processed meats. Dr. Reena also recommends the following to reduce the probability of

Oral cancer or other health problems:

  • Stop using tobacco or quit immediately.
  • Avoid excessive sun exposure to your lips.
  • Drink alcohol in moderation, if you do drink.
  • Make a point to visit your dentist regularly.

Studies have found that the chance of developing cancer of all types is lower among people who eat a healthy diet consisting of plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, healthy fats, whole grains, small amounts of lean animal or plant-based protein, and stay active by making regular exercise as part of their daily routine.

Finally, the best way to fight cancer is to avoid it and in the worst case detecting it as early as possible. Preventive dental checkup ensures that you get a professional check on possibilities of oral health problems like submucosal fibrosis or even oral cancer.

Pit and fissure sealants

March 20th, 2019 by

pit fissure and sealants

What are sealants?

Children’s teeth can be protected with the help of sealants which are painless. Sealants are applied to the biting surface of back teeth and are a protective plastic coating. It forms ai hard shield which helps in keeping food and bacteria from getting into the tiny grooves in the teeth which eventually causes decay.

Which teeth should be sealed?

They are only applied to the back teeth- the molars and premolars which are the teeth which have fissures and pits on their biting surfaces. Your teeth are examined by the dentist and after the examination, if the fissures are deep enough for sealing to help by your dentist, he will tell you which teeth have to be sealed. Shallow grooves do not need sealing while some teeth with deep grooves can be sealed.

What is involved?

The process involved is generally quick and straightforward and takes a few minutes per tooth. The tooth is first properly cleaned, prepared with a special solution, and is then dried. The liquid sealant is then applied and allowed to set hard- usually by shining ultraviolet light onto it.

Will my child feel it?

No. The process is completely pain-free.

Sealants before and after

How long do they last?

Generally, they last for many years, you should get it checked regularly to make sure that the seal is still intact. The dentist will change or add sealants if needed to prevent decay.

how sealants works

How do they work?

Sealants cover the little grooves and dips in the surface of the tooth and they form a smooth and protective barrier.

When should this be done?

When the permanent teeth start to come through, sealants need to be applied which is generally when 6 to 7 years old. Between 11 and 14 years of age, the others can be sealed as soon as they start to appear.

How much does it cost?

Most dentists offer fissure sealing. In many cases, it is available only privately. Different dentists charge differently for this process. Ask for a written estimate of the cost before you start any treatment.

Do children still have to clean their teeth after this process?

Yes. Cleaning is required. The smooth, sealed surface is now much easier to keep clean and healthy with normal tooth brushing. Children’s teeth can also be protected by fluoride toothpaste. Tooth decay and fillings required in future are reduced with the help of pit and fissure sealing.

Whom do I ask about the treatment?

You can ask your dentist or hygienist for more information regarding the treatment and they will give the necessary guidance.

White Fillings

March 18th, 2019 by

Why should l consider white fillings?

Many people have fillings of one type or another in their mouths.
Nowadays fillings are both functional and natural looking. Many people don’t want to have silver fillings because that shows when they laugh or smile.

Are white fillings expensive?

Because many white fillings are classed as a cosmetic treatment, you can only have them done privately. So costs can be different from dentist to dentist. Price varies according to the size and type of white filling used, and the time it takes to complete the treatment. Costs can also be different from region to region, but your dentist will be able to give you an estimation of the cost before you agree to treatment.

Are they as good as silver amalgam fillings?

White fillings have always been considered less long lasting compared to silver amalgam fillings. But there are now new materials available with properties similar to silver amalgam, and these materials are proving to be very successful. The life expectancy of a white filling depends a lot on where it is in your mouth and how heavily your teeth come together when you bite. Your dentist will advise you on the life span of your fillings.

Is it worth replacing the amalgam fillings with white ones?

It is usually best to change fillings only when your dentist suggests that an old filling needs replacing. If so you can also ask to have it replaced with a tooth-colored material.
Some dentists do not recommend to put white fillings in back teeth as they are not always promising. One way for this would be to use crowns or inlays, but this can mean removing more of the tooth and can be more expensive.

What is tooth- colored filling made of?

This can be different, but they are mainly made from synthetic resin, glass particles, and a setting ingredient. Your dentist can give you more details about the material they use.

Glass ionomer filling:
It makes a chemical link with the tooth. They can also release fluoride, which prevents further tooth decay. This type of filling is weak and, usually is limited to use on baby teeth and non-biting surfaces such as around the necks of the teeth. Little preparation is needed as the filling bonds directly on to the tooth.

Porcelain Inlays:
Your dentist will now use digital technology ( called CADCAM) to design and prepare perfectly fitted porcelain inlays in just one or two visits. Porcelain inlays are made in a laboratory, but this will need at least two visits to your dentist. Porcelain can be hard wearing and long lasting and also matches with the color of your natural tooth. Again, this type of filling can be quite costly.

Composite fillings:
Composite fillings are strong. But it might not be hard compared wearing amalgam fillings. Composite fillings are tooth colored and are made from powdered glass quartz, silica or other ceramic particles added to a resin base. After the tooth is prepared, the filling is bonded onto the area, and a light shone onto it to set it, The dentist will choose a shade to match your original teeth, although over time teeth can get stained.

Where can I get them done?

Most dental practices often white fillings as a regular part of the treatment they give you.

Where can I get more information?

Your dentist will suggest you what kind of filling material is suited to your situation. Talk with your dentist if you would like a specific type of filling material like tooth-colored fillings.
Always remember to ask a treatment plan and a written estimate before going ahead with any treatment.

Cosmetic Dental Treatments

March 12th, 2019 by

What is cosmetic dentistry?

Dentistry is not just a case of filling and extraction of teeth, as it was for many years. Today a lot of people are turning to cosmetic dentistry, or ‘ aesthetic dentistry, for improving the appearance of their teeth, much as they would use cosmetic surgery or even a new hairstyle. Cosmetic dentistry is used to straighten, lighten, reshape and repair teeth. Cosmetic treatments include fillings, tooth-coloured, implants, veneers, crowns, bridges, teeth whitening.

What is a veneer?

Veneers are thin slices of porcelain. These are made to fit over the visible surface of front teeth. Like a false fingernail that fits over a nail.

veneers

Why should l have a veneer?

Veneer is an ideal option for treating discoloured or unsightly teeth, closing gaps between front teeth, or repairing chips and cracks.

How are veneers made?

From the tooth, a small amount of enamel is removed, normally the same thickness as the veneer are. An impression taken by the dentist is sent to a dental laboratory for making the veneer. Then veneer is bonded to the tooth to form a strong and natural- looking repair.

Can l have white fillings?

For over 150 years silvery-grey material called ‘amalgam’ is used for filling. This is considered as one of the strongest and longest-lasting materials available for fillings. However, a lot of people find it unattractive and some are concerned about possible health risks. Today there is an alternative to the amalgam fillings known as white fillings. The new dental material is a perfect match for the shade of a tooth. In many cases, it is impossible to notice that the tooth has a filling. Sometimes white filling material is used to cover unsightly marks on teeth, similarly to veneers.

dental crowns

How is a crown made?

The usual procedure for fitting a crown includes shaping the tooth using local anesthesia and then a rubber-like material is used for taking an impression. This impression is sent to the dental laboratory along with the details of the shade to be used, and the technician makes the crown.

What happens to my teeth while the crown is being made?

Until your crown is being made, a temporary crown is used to protect the prepared tooth. This temporary crown can be easily removed just before fitting the permanent crown. In maximum cases, the temporary crown is placed for approximately two weeks.

What is a crown made of?

Variety of different materials like porcelain or porcelain bonded to gold are used to make a crown. New materials are continuously being introduced. It is best to talk to your dentist to know which crown will be best for you.

My tooth is badly broken- what can I do?

When a tooth is badly broken or damaged, the dentist may use ‘crown’ or ‘ cap’ on it to restore is appearance and strength.

How can my dentist fill a gap in my teeth?

In the event that a tooth is missing, or needs extraction, there are a few different ways to fill the gap that is left.
It is very important to replace any missing teeth to maintain the balance between your jaw bites.
If you have more than one missing tooth, that means remaining teeth are under a lot of pressure which can cause broken fillings or jaw problems.
A partial denture is the easiest way for the replacement of missing teeth.
In any case, a few people find partial dentures are not comfortable and in the end choose to consider other alternatives.

dental bridges

What is a bridge?

For people who are not comfortable with dentures or only have one or two teeth missing Bridges are ideal. Conventional bridges are made by drilling the teeth on both sides to the gap and attaching a false tooth in the middle. They are fixed similarly as crowns. These brides are usually made of precious metal bonded to porcelain.

What if I don’t want my remaining teeth to be drilled?

Adhesive bridges are another alternative to bridging a gap and the tooth that needs lesser removing. These bridges are made of a false tooth with metal ‘wings’ on both sides. These wings are made to bond with the teeth on both the side, with very little drilling required. Rather, the teeth are roughened then the bridge is fitted by using a very strong composite also known as resin.

Can implants be used to replace missing teeth?

Implant is the best alternative to denture or bridgework, but they are more costly. An implant is the titanium rod, which is surgically placed into the jawbone and act as an anchor for supporting dentures or crowns.

A complete denture or partial denture can be attached to the number of implants.

Can l lighten the colour of my teeth?

Tooth whitening is the most effective way of lightening the natural colour of your teeth without removing any of the teeth surfaces. It does not make a complete colour change, but it does lighten the existing shade of your teeth.

What does tooth whitening involve?

Most common form of tooth whitening is ‘professional bleaching’. With the use of a specially made tray which fits into your mouth like a gum-shield, your dentist will apply the whitening product to your teeth. The ‘active ingredient’ in the product is hydrogen peroxide or car amide peroxide. As the active ingredient it breaks down, oxygen reacts with enamel on the teeth and the teeth colour is made brighter.

Once your dentist starts the treatment you will be given the trays to take home and continue the treatment, or you may need further appointments at your dentist. This treatment is usually completed within 3 to 4 weeks. It depends on how long you keep the trays in your mouth each time, and how much whiter you want your teeth to be.

What other procedures are there?

There is now laser whitening or ‘ power whitening’ During this treatment a light or laser is shone on the teeth in order to activate the chemical. The light speeds up the chemical reaction of the whitening product and helps achieve the shade more quickly. Laser teeth whitening can make teeth up to five or six shades brighter. This procedure normally takes an hour.

What is an incorrect bite?

Incorrect bite occurs when the teeth in the jaw are not properly fitted or teeth are misaligned with the rest of the face or when you have unreplaced missing teeth.

What can happen if it is not treated?

Face can ‘ collapse’ if an incorrect bite is not treated. This can be a reason for the face to sag. The chin to stick out and the smile is drooped. It can even lead to headaches, neck pain and other pains in the body.

How can it be treated?

There are many treatments, including crowns, bonding, and braces (orthodontics). Ask your dentist which treatment is best for you. Ask an estimated cost of treatment and a written treatment plan before you start the treatment.

Can my crooked or twisted teeth be straightened?

Teeth can be straightened with braces (orthodontics). This is normally done during the teenage years. When the teeth are in the period of growth. However, many adults also take the treatment to straighten their crooked and misaligned teeth or to improve the appearance of their teeth. The procedure takes a lot of time in adults and is, therefore, it is more costly.

For cosmetic reasons, clear or plastic braces are also used. Which are nearly impossible to notice. In case you are thinking for orthodontic treatment, first go to your dentist and get his advice Your dentist can discuss your treatment option and if necessary he can also refer you to the best orthodontist.

Are there any alternatives to orthodontics?

Cosmetic contouring is used to improve the appearance of teeth. It is ideal if you have irregular-shaped or crooked/crowded teeth.
However, in contouring, a minimum amount of enamel is deprived. It ends up enhancing the shape and appearance of your gums. These treatments are not recommended for young children.

Tooth-Jewellery

What is tooth jewelry?

Tooth jewellery includes sticking small jewels onto the teeth using dental cement. It should be strictly done by a dentist so that if needed they can remove it easily. Another caution is that it should be kept clean since there is a higher chance of plaque development which leads to cavities.

Gum Disease

March 11th, 2019 by
gum disease- gingivitis

What is gum disease?

Gum disease means pain and infection of the tissues supporting the teeth. There are mainly two forms of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontal disease.

What is gingivitis?

In Gingivitis inflammation appears in gums. This is when the gums around the teeth turn red and swollen. This swollen gum often bleeds when you are brushing.

What is the periodontal disease?

When gingivitis stays a long time in the mouth they can turn into periodontal disease. There are various types of periodontal disease that affect the gums and tissues supporting the teeth. As the disease continues the bone anchoring the teeth in the jaw can be lost. This makes the tooth to loosen. If it is left untreated teeth may eventually fall out. In fact, more people lose their teeth through periodontal disease than through tooth decay.

How can I access my risk to Gum disease?

Many people suffer from some form of gum disease, and it is the major cause of tooth loss in adults. However, gum disease spreads slowly, If it is treated in time then your teeth and gums can be saved.

What is the cause of gum disease?

All gum disease is caused by plaque. Plaque is produced by bacteria which forms on the outer layer of the teeth and gums every day. Many of the bacteria in plaque do not harm. But some of that has been found to be the main cause of gum disease. To prevent t gum disease, you need to remove all the plaque every day by brushing and flossing.

How will smoking affect my gums and teeth?

Smoking can worsen gum disease. People who smoke more likely to produce more bacterial plaque. The gums will be affected because smoking causes a lack of oxygen in the bloodstream. So the infected gums unable to heal. Smoking allows to form more dental plaque and for gum disease to progress more fastly than in non- smokers. However, it still remains the most common reason for tooth loss in adults.

What happens if gum disease is not treated?

Unfortunately, gum disease develops without showing a sign of pain so that you do not notice the damage. However, bacteria are sometimes more active and cause soreness. Further, it can lead to gum abscesses, and pus may ooze from gum tissues and surrounding bones. As the disease continues over the years supporting bone will be damaged and teeth can be lost. If the disease is not treated for a long time, treatment can become more difficult.

How do I know if l have gum disease?

The first sign of gum disease is blood while you are brushing or rinsing. You may find blood also when you are eating, leaving a bad taste in your mouth. You may notice an unpleasant. breath also.

What do I do if think I have gum disease?

The first thing to do is to visit your dentist for a dental check-up. The dentist can measure the ‘cuff ‘ of gum around each tooth and can see if there is any sign that periodontal disease developing. X rays may also be incorporated to see the amount of bone has damaged. This assessment is very important, so the correct treatment can be prescribed then after.

What treatments are needed?

Your dentist will usually clean your teeth. They also remove plaque cleaning all surface of your teeth thoroughly and effectively. This may take a few sessions with your dentist

What else may be needed?

Once your teeth are clean, your dentist may start further cleaning of the roots of the teeth, to ensure that the last pockets of bacteria are removed. This is also known as root planning. You may need the treatment area to be numbed before the procedure. Afterward, you may feel some discomfort for up to 48 hours.

Once I treated periodontal disease, can I get it again?

The periodontal diseases never cured. But as long as you maintain oral care further loss of bone will be very slow and it may stop altogether. However, you must remove plaque every day, and go for regular check up by the dentist and hygienist.

Tooth Abscess

March 8th, 2019 by

abscess

A tooth abscess is an area of pus that’s caused by a bacterial infection. The abscess can occur at different places of the tooth for different reasons. There are three types of abscess:

  1. Periapical abscess
  2. Periodontal abscess
  3. Gingival abscess

A periapical abscess can happen at the tip of the root, whereas a periodontal abscess can happen in the gums right next to a tooth root and gingival abscess can happen in the gums.

Your dentist will treat a tooth abscess by draining it and removing the infection. In such condition, your tooth can be saved by a root canal treatment. In some severe cases, your dentist may recommend removing the tooth. A prolonged tooth abscess can lead to serious, even life-threatening, complications.

Signs and symptoms of a tooth abscess include:

  1. A severe toothache that can appear in the jawbone, neck or ear
  2. Sensitivity while having hot and cold foods.
  3. Sensitivity to the pressure of chewing or biting
  4. Fever may appear because of severe pain.
  5. Swelling in the areas of face or cheek.
  6. Tender, swollen lymph nodes under your jaw or in your neck
  7. A sudden rush of foul-smelling and foul-tasting, salty fluid in your mouth and pain relief if the abscess ruptures.

What are the causes of tooth abscess?

Causes of the tooth abscess depend upon which type of abscess you are having. The causes of the different abscess are mentioned below:

Periapical abscess:
It happens when bacteria enter the pulp of the tooth and spreads infection all the way to the tooth root, A tooth pulp is the innermost part of the tooth which contains blood vessels, nerve, and connective tissue. Usually, bacteria enters pulp through a hollow or crack in the tooth.

Periodontal abscess:
It is typically caused by gum disease in some cases it can also be the result of an injury.

Gingival abscess:
An external thing which stuck in the gum can lead to a gingival abscess. For example, a popcorn hull or toothbrush bristle when gets embedded in your gums may lead to an abscess.

Risk factors

There some factors that can contribute to increasing your risk of a tooth abscess:

Inadequate dental hygiene: Not taking proper care of your oral hygiene such as not brushing your teeth and not flossing can increase your risk of tooth cavity, gum disease, tooth abscess, and other dental complications.

A diet high in sugar:
Frequently eating and drinking foods sugary stuff, such as sweets and sodas, can contribute to dental complications.

Longtime tooth cavity:
If you already have a dental cavity in your tooth, it will make a way to bacteria to enter the pulp. Hence, it needs to be sealed.

Any injury in the mouth for a long time: Any injury for a long time should not be neglected. If it is not healed, it may attract bacteria and harm your gums.

Complications

A tooth abscess won’t go away without treatment. The abscess needs to be drained and treated to remove any infection. If it is not drained, the infection can spread to the surrounding areas. Sometimes it has the risk to spread your head and neck. You might even develop sepsis – Its a more serious and threatening infection that spreads throughout your body.

If you have a weakened immune system and you leave a tooth abscess untreated, your risk of a spreading infection increases even more.

Prevention

Avoiding tooth decay comprises an essential step in order to prevent the tooth abscess. Take good care of your oral health to avoid tooth decay:

  1. Use fluoridated drinking water.
  2. Brush your teeth at least twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste.
  3. Use dental floss or an interdental cleaner to clean between your teeth on a daily basis.
  4. Replace your toothbrush every three or four months, or whenever the bristles are frayed.
  5. Eat healthy food, limiting sugary items and between-meal snacks.
  6. Visit your dentist for routine checkups and professional cleanings.

Consider using an antiseptic or a fluoride mouth wash to include an extra layer of protection against tooth decay.

Treatment and Diagnosis: If you find any related symptoms of an abscess, its suggestible find, a dentist before it gets worse. Because if the abscess stays a long time, it will spread more infection. Your dentist will help you to get rid of the infection and may save the tooth. He/she may visually examine your mouth first. They may incorporate an X-ray or CT scan to analyze the severity of the infection.

How dentists will treat me?

Dentists will perform a treatment according to your condition. However, the most conventional procedures are explained below:

Drain the abscess: Infection stores in an abscess in the form of a sticky liquid. Your dentist will incise the area and drain the infection.

Perform a root canal: This procedure is performed when you have an abscess due to the cavity for a long time. Your dentist will remove the decayed part of the tooth and removes all the infection from the tooth pulp.

Ultimately, it will be sealed with a substance.

Prescribe antibiotics: If the infection is limited to certain area, it may not require antibiotics. If the infection spreads to the nearby teeth, then it may require antibiotics.

Laser Dentistry

March 7th, 2019 by
Laser Dentistry

What is laser dentistry?

Laser is a new & popular method in medicine nowadays. From Opthmology to cosmetology its use is almost in every section. In Dentistry also it is used in several treatments. Now it’s time to learn thoroughly how it’s used in Dentistry. It is famous because of its minimal invasive nature. It’s ideal when you’re afraid of facing gum surgery, cavity treatment, or other oral issues.

Overview of Laser Dentistry:

Medical professionals use lasers for a different kind of treatment. These are extremely focused light beams, to alter tissue in small amounts. Dentists use lasers in several kinds of procedures including the inside of the mouth, remove overgrown tissue, to reshape the gums, and to whiten teeth.

The Types of Lasers Used in Dentistry

Each of our tissues is different and it reacts differently to lasers. Due to this, scientists mainly categorize lasers into two types depending upon their wavelength. They are hard tissue and soft tissue lasers.
Common soft tissue procedures include:

  1. Treat gummy smile: Gummy smile means the teeth condition where gums length covers the teeth portion. In such cases, Lasers are used to reshape gum tissue.
  2. Crown lengthening: If you are unhappy with smile structure you expect a benefit from laser treatment. This procedure changes the shape of both gum tissue and bone for healthier tooth structure.
  3. Treating muscle (frenula) attachment. Those with a restricted frenulum (the fold of skin under the tongue) may benefit from a laser frenectomy procedure. This treatment helps children whose restricted tongue causes them difficulty in pronunciation and who has a speech impediment.
  4. Removing soft tissue folds. Lasers are a good alternative to remove soft tissue folds. Hence it is used to correct the ill-fitting dentures without pain.

Hard Tissue (Tooth) Procedures

Cavity Detector: Low-intensity soft tissue lasers are a good option to detect the cavities. It provides the depth understanding about the tooth decay.

Dental Fillings/Tooth Preparation: If you afraid for anaesthetic injection or grinding noise of drills then laser treatment is ideal for you, Because hard tissue lasers may eliminate the need of local anaesthetic and drilling tools. This procedure is capable of killing bacteria living in a cavity, potentially leading to improved long term tooth restorations. However, dental lasers may not replace the amalgam fillings or crowns.

Tooth Sensitivity: People who are suffering from tooth sensitivity can expect the benefits of laser treatment. It is used to seal tubules (located on the root of the tooth) that are responsible for hot and cold sensation in your tooth.

Other laser procedures include:

Viewing tissues: Optical coherence tomography enables dentists to safely see inside a tooth or gum tissue.

Removing benign tumours: Because of its less invasive nature, most of the patients prefer to restore healthy gums. It helps to remove tumours from the palate and gums.

Treating sleep apnea: Lasers can good option to treat throat related problems. It can relieve breathing or such kind of associated problems. It is used when sleep apnea is caused by tissue overgrowth in the throat.

Nerve regeneration: Lasers can help restore damaged nerves, and scars & blood vessels.

Treating cold sores: Lasers can reduce the healing time and reduce pain from cold sores.

Teeth whitening: Lasers accelerate the bleaching process during teeth-whitening sessions.
Many people think the price of the treatment may be the constraint for them to take the laser treatment. But It’s not much expensive than traditional treatment. In fact, it can save your time and energy because it requires fewer sessions than traditional treatment.

Benefits of Laser Dentistry

Dentists choose laser dentistry because it has numerous benefits. The laser treatment involves much smoother procedures. It also helps healing duration of the treatment.

  1. Laser treatment requires lesser number of sutures.
  2. In most of the tradition, dental treatments require anesthesia. But in this case, anesthesia may not be necessary.
  3. The laser will sterilize the gums, making infection less likely damage to gums.
  4. Patients can expect less blooding than traditional surgery.

What Happens During Laser treatment?

There are many dental issues which can be treated by laser waves. Every procedure involves a different procedure depends upon the severity of the case. However, the appointment procedure is similar to most of the dental treatments like tooth fillings. You may or may not receive anaesthesia. Though you receive anaesthesia the amount will be less compared to the traditional form of treatment.
The main advantage of the treatment is during the procedure, you won’t feel any vibrations or discomfort from the laser. You can expect less bleeding and shorter recovery time.

How Can I consult the Dentist?

If you are facing any above-mentioned problems, you can consult the dentist. In Sabka Dentist clinics a specialist dentist will treat you. For any kind of oral issues, you can expect a solution from our eminent team. You can book an online appointment for a dental consultation.

Trismus

March 6th, 2019 by
trisumus

What is the trismus?

Trismus, also known as lockjaw, is the condition where your jaw movement will be restricted with pain in that area. The chewing muscles will become inflamed and infected, and this will lead to restriction of your jaw movement. Usually fully opening refers to opening beyond 35 millimeters wide, a little wider than the width of two fingers.
When unable to open the mouth, several problems may arise. Such as it is difficult to eat and swallow the food. It is also difficult to maintain oral hygiene. Sometimes it may be difficult to speak too. This condition is commonly found in a particular group of people, certainly those who:
1. Who had oral surgery to remove their wisdom teeth
2. Who had neck cancer in a region involving structures that influence mouth movement.
3. Who have undergone surgery or radiation treatment to the head and neck.

Common Causes

Trismus usually occur when you have damaged or injured the muscles of the jaw. This can happen due to:
Trauma:
Trismus may occur when Bones of the jaw are fractured or when they’re immobilized due the old fractures affect.

Oral surgery:
Trismus can emerge after any oral medical procedure, and after wisdom tooth extraction, particularly in the lower jawline. Trismus can happen because of the irritation during the medical procedure makes the hyperextension of the jaw. The anesthesia injection also damages the surrounding tissue leading the trismus.

Temporomandibular joint issue (TMJD):
On each side of the jaw, there’s a joint which connects the jaw bone to the skull. Jaw movement is the main function of this. At the point when some dysfunction occurs in the joint, it may lead to trismus and pain.

Stress:
Many people are not aware that stress is one of the reasons behind trismus. You may experience pain or discomfort in chewing muscle area when there is a sudden increase in your stress level.

Radiation for head and throat cancer:
Tumors that irritate the function in the jaw area can lead to trismus. But it more commonly occurs due to radiation procedure which is treated in the jaw area. Though radiation heals the tumor it can damage and lead to scar the tissue around the joint area, often it is temporary.

What are the symptoms?

A mouth that will not fully open. Opening difficulty is the primary symptom of trismus. Other symptoms may include

  1. Pain in the jaw.
  2. Difficulty or discomfort while performing the routine activities such as brushing your teeth or biting into an apple.
  3. Inability to chew or swallow certain foods.
  4. Pain in the surrounding areas such as head neck and ears.

How it’s diagnosed?

Your dentist will first perform an oral examination. He will check the signs of oral cancer, bone, and joint abnormalities. He may also diagnose by the below-mentioned procedure.

  1. Measure how wide you can open your mouth.
  2. Ask about any recent dental treatments or procedures.
  3. Ask about any possible injuries to your jaw — for example if you were hit in the jaw during a sport or car accident.
  4. Ask about any history of prior surgery or radiation therapy to your head and neck.
  5. Order imaging studies such as a CT scan or an MRI scan to help determine whether your trismus is stemming from a problem with your joints or tissues.

Treatment options

Typically Trismus is more temporary than permanent. Early treatment always gives better chances of recovery. Some treatment options include:

  1. Use of a jaw-stretching device: These devices used to fit between the upper and lower jaw. A dentist will tell you which stretches to do and how often. Experts say the devices may help increase the mouth opening by 5 to 10 mm.
  2. Medication: If you are experiencing severe pain your dentist may prescribe a pain reliever or anti-inflammatory medication for a limited time.
  3. Physical therapy: Some jaw movement and jaw stretching can help to improve the condition. Massage around the affected area can give the good result.

Managing trismus at home

Some home remedies along with the medication can help relieve trismus and prevent it from worsening. You can try these a few times during the day.
Massage: Identify the areas of your jaw that are painful and, move your fingers in a circular motion, massage the area for about 30 seconds.

TMJ exercise massage

Move your jaw left to right: Though it is painful to move try move your jaw and hold for a few seconds, then repeat.
TMJ exercise

Open your mouth wide:Open your mouth smoothly as wide as you comfortably can and Hold this position to stretch it for a few seconds.
TMJ exercise at home

How a dentist would help me?

In Sabka Dentist Clinics our Dentists will help you to identify the reason and will treat you according to your condition. Consulting the dentist as soon you find the symptom can help you recover quickly.

Dental Erosion

March 4th, 2019 by
dental erosion

What is dental erosion?

Erosion is the loss of tooth enamel caused by the acid attack. Enamel is the hard, defensive coating of the tooth, which protects the sensitive dentine underneath. When the enamel is attacked, the dentine underneath comes to danger, this may lead to pain and sensitivity.

How do I know I have dental erosion?

When erosion starts it shows small hollows in the teeth and generally on biting surface or in edges. So the dentine underneath will expose that is a darker and yellower color than the enamel. In this time you may feel sensitive to hot and cold foods as the dentine is the sensitive element.

What causes dental erosion?

Every time you eat or drink anything acidic, the enamel on your teeth becomes softer for a short while and loses some of its mineral content. Your saliva will slowly eliminate the acidic content in your mouth and get it back to its natural balance. However, if this attack is happening too often, your mouth does not get a chance to repair itself and tiny particles of enamel can be brushed away. Over time this leads to loss the surface of your teeth.

Are there any medical reasons which can cause dental erosion?

Bulimia is a condition where patients make themselves sick to lose weight. Because there are high levels of acid in the vomit, this can damage tooth enamel.
Acids produced in the stomach can come up into the mouth
(this is called gastro-oesophageal reflux). People who suffer from hiatus hernia or oesophageal problems, or who consume too much alcohol, may also find dental erosion due to vomiting.

Can my diet help prevent dental erosion?

Yes, the food we intake plays important role in our health. Acidic foods and drinks lead to tooth erosion. The Acidic content in particular food is measured by its ‘pH value’, and anything that has a PH value lower than 5.5 is more acidic and can harm your teeth.

Fizzy drinks can cause erosion. It is important to remember that brands claims as ‘diet brands’ are still harmful. Even flavoured fizzy water is also not good when it taken in large amounts, because it contains weak acids which can harm your teeth.

Acidic foods and drinks such as fruit and fruit juices, certainly citrus ones including lemon and orange, contain natural acids which can be harmful to your teeth, especially if you are consuming a lot of them often.

‘Alcopop’ drinks that contain acidic fruits and are fizzy can cause erosion too.

Water is the best drink for teeth and health, and milk is also good because it helps to neutralize the acids in your mouth.

How some everyday drinks may erode your teeth:

pH Acidity
Levels
Cola drinks 2.5 High
Carbonated orange 2.9 High
Grapefruit juice 3.2 High
White wine 3.7 Medium
Beer/bitter 3.9 Low
Lagers 4.4 Low
Perrier water 5.1 Low
Buxton still mineral water 8.1 Low

Are sports drinks safe?

The ingredients used in sports drinks can cause dental erosion. However, athletes should avoid dehydration because this can lead to a dry mouth and bad breath.

What can I do to prevent dental erosion?

  • Limit acidic products and sugary drinks to mealtimes, to reduce the number of acid attacks on your teeth.
  • If you are drinking sugary drinks quickly have without ‘swishing’ around your mouth. Or you can use a straw to help drinks go to the back of your mouth and avoid long contact with your teeth.
  • Have cheese or milk after a meal as this will help cancel out the acid.
  • Chew sugar-free gum after eating. This will help produce more saliva to help to remove the acids which form in your mouth after eating.
  • Wait for one hour after having anything acidic before brushing your teeth. This allows your teeth time to build up their mineral content again.

Brush your teeth minimum two minutes twice a day with a small—headed brush with medium to soft bristles and fluoride toothpaste.

Should I use any other special products?

We recommend brushing teeth fluoride toothpaste twice a day. Three years old children should use a toothpaste with a fluoride level of at least 1000ppm (parts per million). Above three years to adults should use a toothpaste that contains 1350ppm to 1500ppm. In severe cases, fluoride supplements such as rinses and gels can be used once a day. Your dentist will advise the best supplement to use.

How can it be treated?

The treatment is not necessary always you can prevent it with regular check-ups. Your dentist can prevent the problem from the erosion spreading further. Another case is important to protect the tooth and the dentine underneath to prevent sensitivity. In these cases, simply bonding a filling onto the tooth will be enough to repair it. In some condition more severe cases the dentist may need to fit a veneer.

How much will treatment cost?

Costs may vary depending on the type of treatment you require.
It is important to discuss all the treatment options with your dentist and get a quotation before starting treatment.

Bridges and Partial dentures

March 1st, 2019 by
partial denture

Why should I replace missing teeth?

Your appearance is one concern. Another is that the gap made by a missing tooth can be the threat to your oral health. A gap can also affect your bite because the teeth next to space can move into the gap and alter the way the upper and lower teeth bite together. This can lead to food being stuck in the gap, which causes both decay and gum disease.

How are missing teeth replaced?

This depends on the number of teeth missing and on where they positioned in the mouth. There are mainly two ways to replace the missing teeth. The first is with a removable false tooth- a partial denture. The second is with a fixed bridge. A bridge is usually used where there are few teeth to replace, or when the missing teeth are only on one side of the mouth.

What is a partial denture?

partial denture

These are false teeth attached to the plastic gum-colored base. It may be made from plastic or a mixture of metal and plastic. Both types may have clasps that help to keep the denture in place. Depending on where they placed, some of these clasps may appear when you smile or open your mouth.

What is the difference between a plastic or metal base?

Plastic partial dentures are less expensive to make. But unless they are designed very carefully they can cause some damage the supporting teeth.
Metal partial dentures are usually made from an alloy of cobalt and chromium and they are stronger to hold in place. You feel lighter to wear and can be supported by the remaining teeth. Though the base is metal, they are pink-shaded (Similar to the gum color) and natural- looking false teeth fixed to them. They are a little expensive than plastic ones.

How do I choose a suitable type for me?

Be guided by your dentist. He or she will know the condition of your remaining teeth and will be able to advise you on your individual situation. In most cases, a metal-based partial denture gives the best result as it doesn’t damage much.

Can I have a bridge fitted right after a tooth extraction?

In many people, it may take up to 6 months for the gums to heal completely after tooth removal. This means that you may need to have a temporary denture for 6 months before the bridge is fitted.

How do l look after my denture?

The general rule is brush, soak, brush. Always clean your dentures with proper care. You can do with a bowl of water or a folded towel in case you drop them. Brushing your dentures before soaking will help to remove any food debris. If you have stubborn stains on your denture use of an effervescent denture cleaner, this also gives the feel of freshness– don’t forget to follow the manufacturers’ instructions- then brush the dentures. As you care your natural teeth, be careful do not scrub too hard as this may cause grooves In the surface.
Most dentists advise using a small to medium headed toothbrush and toothpaste. Make sure you clean all the angles & surfaces of the dentures, especially the surface which comes into contact with your gums. This is important if you are using any kind of denture fixative.
If you notice a build up of stains, have your denture cleaned by our dentist or hygienist.

Should l take my denture out at night?

Your dentist may recommend removing the dentures at night. This gives your mouth a chance to rest. When you remove your dentures, it is important to leave them in water to prevent any warping or cracking.

What is the alternative to a partial denture?

The main alternative is a fixed bridge. This is made by placing crowns on the teeth at either side of the space and then joining these two crowns together by placing an artificial tooth in the space. The artificial crown is made in the laboratory and then cemented into place with help of adhesives. The bridge cannot be removed for cleaning.
Another option is a bridge. This contains wings that are bonded to the back of the supporting teeth with very little drilling involved.

Can l always have a bridge to replace missing teeth?

dental bridges

Bridges are only possible when you have potential strong teeth with good bone support. Your dentist will help you choose which is the best way of replacing missing teeth.

What are bridges made of?

Typically bridges are made of porcelain bonded to the precious metal. In some cases, other non-precious metals also can be used in the base for strength. There are also new bridges made entirely of a special type of strong porcelain to match the tooth shade.

What will a bridge cost?

Costs will vary depending on the size and type of bridge you need. Always get a written quotation and treatment plan before beginning any dental treatment. Although a bridge may seem a bit expensive it should last many years.

How do I look after my bride?

You need to clean your bridge every day as you do with your natural teeth. Brushing and cleaning can prevent problems such as bad breath and gum disease. You also have to clean under the false tooth every day. Your dentist will tell you how to use a bridge needle or special floss, as a normal toothbrush cannot reach.

Are there other methods for fixing false teeth?

There are other methods to fix the gap, such as using crowns and partial dentures that can keep the retaining clips out of sight. Every person’s condition varies, so you should ask your dentist about them.

Can l have teeth which attach to the jawbone?

Yes, by having implants. The benefit of this technique means you will be able to replace missing teeth without crowding other teeth.
Remember that it is as important to care for your remaining teeth also even after replacing the missing ones.