Teeth Whitening Treatment
What is Teeth Whitening?
Teeth whitening lightens the existing shade of the teeth and helps to remove stains and discoloration. Whitening is one of the most popular cosmetic dental procedures because it can greatly improve how your appearance.
Whitening is not a one-time procedure in a lifetime. It will require to be repeated from time to time if you want to maintain a brighter color.
What is teeth whitening?
Teeth-whitening procedure use peroxide-based bleaching substance. At-home methods contain from 3% to 20% peroxide (carbamide or hydrogen peroxides). In-office practices contain from 15% to 43% peroxide.
Usually the longer you keep a powerful solution on your teeth, the whiter your teeth become. However, the higher the portion of peroxide in the whitening solution, the shorter it should be applied to the teeth. Keeping this substance or gel on longer will dehydrate the tooth and may develop teeth sensitivity.
There are pros and cons to each option, but before you decide to try at-home tooth-bleaching kits, be sure to discuss with your dentist. Not everyone will find good results. Bleaching will not improve the color of porcelain crowns or composite tooth-colored bonding.
Why I would need teeth Whitening?
Enamel is the outer layer of the tooth. The color of natural teeth is formed by the reflection and scattering of light off the enamel, united with the color of the dentin under it. Your genes influence the thickness and smoothness of the enamel. Thinner enamel allows more of the color of the dentin to expose through. Having smoother or rougher enamel also affects the reflection of light and consequently the color of the tooth.
Every day, a thin coating (pellicle) develops on the enamel and causes to picks up stains. Tooth enamel also comprises of pores that can hold stains.
The common causes of yellow or stained teeth:
- Tobacco consumption
- Drinking dark-colored liquids Eg. coffee, cola, tea, and red wine.
- Not taking good oral care.
- Aging can make teeth less bright as the enamel gets thinner.
Dr. Priyanka Shingore dental director of Sabka dentist says “Healthy diet will always the best way of caring your teeth. Limit sugary drinks and consume calcium rich foods to get a brighter smile”.
Advantages of Dental Bleaching–
- Bleaching of healthy teeth is the safest and most conservative cosmetic treatment available.
- It does not require anesthesia and is painless and well tolerated.
- Time taken is relatively less.
- Cost of bleaching is less compared to full mouth cosmetic treatment options.
- It does not damage your teeth or change the structure of your teeth.
What are the different types of bleaching?
After protecting your gums and lips, the dentist will apply the bleaching agent on the teeth to be lightened and leave it there for a specific period of time. Intermittently teeth are exposed to a special light, which will accelerate the bleaching process. One session of bleaching includes 3 cycles 15 mins each.
This requires you to wear a custom made tray containing a lower concentration of bleaching agent overnight.
What are the risks?
Professional or even so-called office whitening systems are the most secure way to implement the operation. In these types of systems, the bleaching of teeth is controlled by a dentist and also avoids the above unpleasant consequences. It avoids pain in the teeth and gums after the procedure. With this system, there are gingival protectors which are applied before the bleaching agent. After the procedure, the teeth are coated with desensitizing gel and protected.
Some people may experience sensitivity to cold during or after the treatment. Others may find discomfort in the gums, a sore throat or white patches on the gum line. These symptoms are temporary in general and should disappear within a few days after the treatment. If any of these side effects continue you should consult your dentist.
Post- whitening care
Post teeth whitening some people may feel some amount of sensitivity.
Dr. Rupali Gujar Dental Director of Sabka dentist says “Post-whitening care is one of the important aspects for the procedure important because it determines how long the determinant stays effective on your teeth”.
How to treat sensitivity after tooth whitening:
- The pain associated with tooth sensitivity can be relieved with the help of a sensitive toothpaste. These toothpaste contain potassium nitrate that helps relieve sensitivity.
- It has been observed that more saliva produced in the mouth the lesser is the case of sensitivity. One should eat foods that produce more saliva.
- Chewing gum will not only increase the saliva in the mouth but also distract the patient.
- If too much sensitivity felt, whitening procedures should not have repeated for a while.
Normally a teeth whitening does not need to be repeated for 6 to 9 months. To make it last longer the following tips can be followed:
- Avoid food and beverages that can stain the teeth: Example: coffee, tea, wine, berries
- Drink beverages with a straw to avoid the direct impact of the beverage color on your teeth
- Avoid smoking: Smoking can lead to teeth staining and may reduce the duration for which the whitening stays.
- If gums feel white or sore post teeth whitening, contact a dentist.
Dr. Preethi Nagarajan Dental Director of Sabka dentist says “Whitening treatment will bring the sparkle bright smile on your teeth. It removes stains and improves the existing shade of the tooth”.
- Tooth Whitening- Colgate
- Oral Health Topics- American Dental Association
- Teeth whitening or Bleaching -WebMD
Dr Fatima Zuhara Shaikh is a bachelor of dental surgery. She has graduated from TPCT’s Terna Dental College,Navi Mumbai. She is well versed with general dentistry. She has special interest in Endodontic procedures. She is currently practising in Colaba.