What are tooth Cavities?
A teeth cavities is a breakdown of a tooth due to acids formed by bacteria. When bacteria overgrow in one’s mouth, they will start to produce an acid which affects harder layer of the tooth. If it left unchecked, it will go further deep and spread infection.
Symptoms of tooth cavity:
- Tooth sensitivity
- tooth pain
- a visible hole in your teeth
- Black or white stain on your teeth
What causes the cavity:
- First and foremost, reason for the cavity is lack of oral hygiene.
- Sugar contained foods and beverages encourage the cavity formation.
- Existing decayed tooth may spread the infection to other teeth.
- Food particle if they remain uncleaned becomes extra players to the cavity forming team.
- Dry mouth
- Some genetic issues also cause the cavity.
How to treat the Cavity?
Discuss with your dentist about your symptoms. He/she will identify the cavities after a dental checkup. Although some cavities are not visible, hence a dental checkup may incorporate an x-ray.
Treatment for a cavity depends upon the severity. Below are some treatments mentioned depending upon the severity:
The infection starts to sit at the breakage of the tooth. Your dentist will drill the cavity and remove the affected part. Then the dentist will fill the tooth with a material such as gold, silver or composite resin
When cavity spreads further then the affected area will be drilled and removed. The artificial crowns is aiming to replace the natural tooth crown.
When the infection reaches the root of the tooth it causes the death of the nerves. At this point, your dentist will recommend root canal treatment to save that tooth. He will remove decayed areas of your tooth, nerve tissue, and blood vessel tissue. Then he will examine the infection level and should apply appropriate medication to the root. Finally, the tooth will be filled, and they will place a crown on it.
Early stage treatment:
A simple fluoride treatment will save your tooth enamel if the cavity is identified in its early stage.
Stages of Cavity Formation:
The First Stage
The first stage of the cavity includes plaque development. Naturally, bacteria is present in our mouth at all times. These bacteria flourish if you eat a lot of sugary stuff. At the point when sugars aren’t wiped off your teeth, these bacteria’s benefit from them and produce acids. Bacteria then combines with food particles and acids and start to injure the enamel.
This first stage cannot be diagnosed by the X-ray.
The second stage of the Cavity:
Once the enamel is injured, tiny opening starts to appear in the tooth. This tiny opening in the tooth represents the next stage of the cavity. Once this occurs acid and bacteria start to attack the next layer of the tooth.
Third Stage is known as Dentin decay:
With the small opening in the tooth, bacterias and acids will start to attack the inner layer which is dentin. At this point pulp gets irritated and the infection may spread to the bone that supports the tooth. When the infection has reached this level, you will experience the sensitivity or a toothache while biting.
How can I prevent my teeth from cavity?
Natural teeth are precious, and they need care. Following ways are important to keep your teeth healthy.
1. Regular oral hygiene practice:
After each meal food particle starts to accumulate on the top of the enamel. This should be wiped off. Hence cleaning your mouth after each meal is very important. Brushing should be the first thing in the morning and last thing at bedtime. Apart from this, regular tongue cleaning and flossing are also necessary.
2. Sealing the existing decay:
Existing decay means the house of bacteria. So, to disallow the infection to spread to the teeth beside it get the cavity filled as early as possible.
3. Excessive consumption of sugary beverages encourage the cavity formation:
Sugary foods are the enemy of good oral health. Ensure you aren’t having sugary beverages often. If your children like to have chocolates, teach them to clean their mouth after having such foods
4. Rinse the mouth after each meal:
Not only sugar but, if you don’t clean the mouth after any meal, the remaining food particles in the mouth feed the bacteria to grow. Hence you should practice rinsing the mouth after each meal.
5. Practice a healthy diet such as healthy fruits and vegetables:
Healthy foods always help to keep the mouth fresh. Not only oral health but overall health also flourishes from fresh vegetables. One should add this healthy element in their diet to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
6. A regular dental checkup:
It is always recommended to take precaution. The dentist can identify the cavity in its early stage and can fill the decayed tooth.
When to see a Dentist?
Since the first stage of the cavity is not identified by a normal person, it is suggested to see a dentist once in every six months. If the cavity is identified in its early stage, then it can be solved by the dental cleaning process. At SabkaDentist clinics dentists are empathetic and experienced. He/She will help you to find any oral issues and get the right treatment at the right cost.