What is Tooth Extraction?
Tooth extraction is the removal of the tooth from the dental socket in the alveolar. The reason for this can be the unrestorable condition of a tooth due to tooth decay, gum disease or periodontal decease.
The most common reasons of tooth extraction are as follow:
1. Crowded mouth: The orthodontic treatment is one of the reasons for tooth extraction. You may require space to align the teeth. To create space your dentist may remove one or two teeth.
2. Infection: When a tooth decay becomes severe the infection can reach the tooth pulp. (The pulp is the center of the tooth containing nerves and blood vessels). Often this can be cured by Root canal treatment but when it becomes too severe then root canal cannot cure it. Hence extraction will be inevitable.
3. Risk of infection: If a patient is taking any kind of treatment (eg- chemotherapy or organ transplant) his immune system can become weak. During this time a small oral issue can spread the infection to its surrounding teeth and gums. This may lead the tooth extraction to stop spreading the infection.
4. Tooth injury: Any sports injury can lead to a crooked tooth or a tooth crack. When a tooth is not visible in the mouth then the dentist may extract the tooth and may give the option to replace the artificial tooth in the gap.
5. Wisdom tooth: In most of the people wisdom tooth is the main reason for tooth extraction. Due to lack of space in our jaw, the tooth finds difficulty to erupt. It may cause pain, infection or harm the next tooth beside. Hence to save other teeth in the jawline wisdom tooth will be removed.
Tooth extraction procedure:
The dentist will examine the mouth and take the details about your medical history. You need to disclose if you have any medical allergies or any other treatment that you are taking. An X-ray will be incorporated to access a thorough examination of the tooth condition. Once the prior checkup is done they will give you local anesthesia to numb the affected tooth and surrounding area. According to the tooth condition, there are two types of extraction that can be conducted.
This method is used for a visible tooth. The dentist will pull out the affected tooth with the instrument called the elevator. This is the simple procedure to remove a tooth from the socket.
It is a more complex procedure. It will be performed for a tooth which is broken from the gumline or not fully erupted. The dentist may do a small incision from the gumline and then he/she will extract the tooth.
What are the possible side effects of Tooth Extraction?
There is no harmful side effect after the extraction. But you may find the below characteristics:
1. Bleeding: Blood flow is the common effect after the extraction. Stop excessive spitting during this time. Because it will lead to blood cottage in the socket. Placing a gauze over the extraction site can help to relieve the blood flow.
2. Pain management: Pain after extraction is an unavoidable feature. Your dentist will prescribe the necessary antibiotics to heal. Normal pain will be solved by painkillers. If you still have pain you can contact your dentist regarding this.
3. Swelling and bruising: swelling of your cheeks usually improves in two or three days. You can use an ice pack as directed by the dentist.
Some Important tips to follow
1. Do not brush or rinse till 12 hours after the extraction time.
2. Drinking plenty of water would help to cure the extracted area.
3. Do not consume alcohol or caffeinated drinks for at least a week
4. Do not eat any hard food. The difficulty while chewing makes the wound irritated.
When to call your dentist or surgeon:
1. When you feel difficulty in breathing and swallowing
2. Excessive bleeding
3. When you feel severe pain even after having the painkillers
4. If you find swelling is not cured after 2-3 days.
5. Pus in the extracted area
Replacement options after tooth extraction
A gap will occur after the tooth removal. There are few options available to fill this gap, and the exact choice is agreed between dentist and patient based upon several factors.
Dental Bridge: It is a false tooth also called a pontic. It literally creates a bridge in the missing tooth gap. When adjacent teeth are healthy this artificial tooth is inserted with the support of its adjacent teeth.
Dental Implants: Dental implants are artificial tooth roots which serve as the base for a replaced artificial tooth. In this procedure, your gum is drilled and placed with the artificial tooth.
Dentures: Compared to the above options denture is the less expensive option. It is a removable appliance fixed against the extracted tooth gap.
How to find a Dentist?
In all Sabka dentist clinics, tooth extraction treatment is available. You can find the nearest clinic to your location on our site. Or you can call us directly to book an appointment.